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Clothing fabric types and structure

Industry News
2018/10/25 15:17
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The garments are made of fabric, which is the material used to make the garment. As one of the three elements of clothing, fabrics can not only interpret the style and characteristics of clothing, but also directly influence the color and shape of clothing. It presents its own noble and perfect, soft to the touch.


Fabric classification


        In the world of clothing, the fabrics of clothing are varied and changing with each passing day. However, in general, high-quality, high-grade fabrics are characterized by comfortable wearing, sweat-absorbent breathability, hanging overhanging, visually noble, and soft touch.


        Modern production of clothing in formal social occasions, the choice of high-quality blended fabrics. Natural fabrics such as pure cotton, pure wool, pure silk, and pure hemp have become common fabrics because of the shortcomings of natural fabrics such as wrinkles and deformation, and are less used as high-grade garment materials. The blended fabric has the characteristics of natural fabric, sweat absorption, softness and comfort. It also absorbs the advantages of strong and durable chemical fiber fabric, hanging and sturdy, bright color and bright color. A large number of high-quality and high-quality blended fabrics are developed every year. Sometimes, clothing made of pure leather is also allowed. General clothing fabrics are divided into two series:


Woven fabric: mainly used for outerwear and shirts for clothing.


        Knitted fabrics: underwear and sportswear for clothing, but due to the development of science and technology, knitted fabrics have also developed into a thick and sturdy, gradually externalizing knitted underwear, and the weaving of knitted fabrics has become a supplement to outerwear.


        With the improvement of the quality of life of modern people, they also have higher and higher requirements for their own clothing. They are no longer limited to the shape and style of clothing, and they pay more attention to whether the fabric of the clothing is comfortable and environmentally friendly.


        According to the data of Zhiyan Data Research Center, the increase in cotton prices has led to an increase in the cost of the entire production chain. A series of products in the production chain have to rise in price, which has just given birth to a new opportunity for fabrics in the apparel industry. Cotton upgrades have replaced corn fiber, bamboo fiber, and new types. Plant hemp fiber and other debuts, these bio-based fabrics save water and pesticides in the production process, which meets the needs of consumers and the whole society for low-carbon environmental protection.


        The garments processed with these natural animal and plant materials are called “ecological garments”, such as cotton, hemp, silk, and leather. They are based on natural animals and plants and have been tested by viruses. symbols of. "Combined with today's "environmental wind" and the modern people's return to the inner needs, "ecological clothing" is gradually becoming a new trend in the fashion field. They not only reflect the environmental awareness of the design, but also the fabric, buttons, zippers and other accessories. Non-polluting natural raw materials are also used; from raw material production to processing, the use of chemical printing materials and resins to destroy environmentally-friendly substances is avoided.


        The concept of eco-apparel and green clothing is basically the same, but it is also slightly different: “green clothing” is mainly green textiles and ecological clothing. The “green textiles” that have been developed and marketed internationally generally have various functions such as deodorization, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-ultraviolet, anti-radiation and humidification. These products are still in the initial stage in China. The main products that have been introduced are mainly underwear, but they are more popular among consumers because they have specific functions that are beneficial to human health.


        It can be seen from the above that the design of the garment, whether from the fabric or the style, not only considers whether it is comfortable, fashion, but more importantly, it is combined with environmental protection, and low-carbon environmental protection is the development trend of the future apparel fabric.




        Clothing is composed of three elements: style, color and fabric. The material is the most basic element. Clothing materials refer to all materials that make up clothing, which can be divided into clothing fabrics and clothing accessories. Here, I mainly introduce some knowledge of fabrics.


        Clothing fabric concept: refers to the material that reflects the characteristics of the main body of the garment.


Fabric count explanation:


        The count is a way of expressing the yarn, usually expressed as the English count (S) in the “fixed weight system” (this calculation method is divided into two types: the metric count and the imperial count), that is: in the resurgence Under the condition of (8.5%), the number of spun yarns with a length of 840 yards per twist of the one-pound spun yarn is the number of counts. The count is related to the length and weight of the yarn.


Clothing fabric density interpretation:


        Density refers to the number of warp and weft yarns per square inch, called the warp and weft density. Generally, it is expressed by "number of warp yarns * number of weft yarns". Common densities such as 110*90, 128*68, 65*78, 133*73 indicate that there are 110, 128, 65, and 133 warp yarns per square inch; 90 weft yarns and 68 yarns, respectively. 78 roots, 73 roots. Generally speaking, high support is a prerequisite for high density.


Common clothing fabric


a) Cotton fabric: refers to a fabric woven from cotton yarn or cotton and cotton-type chemical fiber blended yarn. It has good air permeability, good moisture absorption and comfortable wearing. It is a practical and popular fabric. Can be divided into two categories of pure cotton products, cotton blends.


b) Hemp fabrics: Pure hemp fabrics woven from hemp fibers and fabrics blended or interwoven with other fibers are collectively referred to as hemp fabrics. The common feature of the hemp fabric is that it is hard and tough, rough and stiff, cool and comfortable, and has good moisture absorption. It is an ideal summer fabric, and the hemp fabric can be divided into pure and blended.


c) Silk fabric: It is a high-grade variety in textiles. Mainly refers to fabrics made from mulberry silk, tussah silk, rayon, synthetic fiber filament as the main raw material. It has the advantages of being thin, light, soft, smooth, elegant, gorgeous and comfortable.


4) Wool fabric: It is made of wool, rabbit fur, camel hair and hairy chemical fiber. It is mainly made of wool. It is a high-grade fabric of all seasons. It has good elasticity, anti-wrinkle and crispness. , durable wear-resistant, warm, comfortable, beautiful, pure color and other advantages, welcomed by consumers.


V) Purified fabric: Chemical fiber fabrics are loved by people for their fastness, flexibility, crispness, abrasion resistance, and easy storage. Purified fabrics are fabrics woven from purified fibers. Its properties are determined by the properties of its chemical fiber itself. Chemical fiber can be processed into a certain length according to different needs, and woven into silk, imitation cotton, imitation linen, elastic imitation wool, medium and long wool, etc. according to different processes.


Six) Other apparel fabrics


1. Knitted garment fabric: It is made by one or several yarns continuously bent in a latitudinal or warp direction and formed in a series.


2, suede: English pelliccia, leather with hair, generally used in winter cold boots, shoes in shoes or shoe mouth decoration.


3, leather: a variety of animal skin processed by tanning. The purpose of tanning is to prevent skin spoilage. The skins of some small animals, reptiles, fish and birds are called English in English and are often expressed in Italy or some other countries by "Pelle" and its consent words. This type of leather.


4, new fabrics and special fabrics: space cotton and so on.